supply

noun
plural supplies

Definition of supply

 (Entry 1 of 3)

1a : the quantity or amount (as of a commodity) needed or available beer was in short supply in that hot weather— Nevil Shute
b : provisions, stores usually used in plural
c : a member of the clergy filling a vacant pulpit temporarily
d obsolete : reinforcements often used in plural
2 : the act or process of filling a want or need engaged in the supply of raw materials to industry
3 : the quantities of goods or services offered for sale at a particular time or at one price
4 : something that maintains or constitutes a supply
5 obsolete : assistance, succor

supply

verb
sup·​ply | \ sə-ˈplī How to pronounce supply (audio) \
supplied; supplying

Definition of supply (Entry 2 of 3)

transitive verb

1 [Middle French souploier, alteration of soupplier]
a : to make available for use : provide supplied the necessary funds
b : to satisfy the needs or wishes of
c : to provide for : satisfy laws by which the material wants of men are suppliedBulletin of Bates College
d : to furnish (organs, tissues, or cells) with a vital element (such as blood or nerve fibers)
2 : to substitute for another in specifically : to serve as a supply in (a church or pulpit)
3 : to add as a supplement

intransitive verb

: to serve as a supply or substitute

supply

Definition of supply (Entry 3 of 3)

less common spelling of

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Other Words from supply

Verb

supplier \ sə-​ˈplī(-​ə)r How to pronounce supplier (audio) \ noun

Synonyms for supply

Synonyms: Noun

Synonyms: Verb

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Examples of supply in a Sentence

Noun adequate supplies of fresh water He bought a month's supply of cigarettes. They took a month's worth of supplies on the camping trip. The town is in need of basic medical supplies. a store that sells art supplies The state is trying to disrupt the supply of illegal drugs. The storm interrupted the town's electricity supply. Verb The company supplied the necessary money. You'll have to supply your own food.
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun The non-profit provides necessary food and supplies for pet owners in need. Kaylee Remington, cleveland, "Richmond Heights pet pantry offering help to care for furry family members during coronavirus," 18 Apr. 2020 Nordstrom As the largest employer of tailors across North America, Nordstrom is leveraging resources to lend to the medical supply shortage. Travel + Leisure, "Allbirds, Summersalt, and More Brands Travelers Love Are Donating to COVID-19 Relief Efforts," 18 Apr. 2020 Outings for all nonessential workers are limited to buying food or medical supplies, or walking dogs, briefly. Lorraine Allen, New York Times, "In Spain, Children Still Can’t Go Outside," 16 Apr. 2020 Among the most overlooked heroes of the 2020 coronavirus crisis are the men and women who haul food and supplies around the country to your local supermarket. The Editorial Board, WSJ, "America Keeps on Truckin’," 16 Apr. 2020 The checks are a critical avenue for the federal government to ensure the millions of Americans who are out of work can pay their bills and buy food or other supplies during the deadly pandemic. Washington Post, "The Technology 202: Silicon Valley companies are rolling out coronavirus stimulus check services," 16 Apr. 2020 This Rock Painting Kit, $12.99, Target, comes with rocks, paints, and brushes, so you can get started without scouring your home for supplies. Emily Vanschmus, Better Homes & Gardens, "Community Members Are Sharing Heartfelt Messages Through Beautifully Painted Rocks," 16 Apr. 2020 The jet, fresh from a 18-month overhaul, carried coronavirus medical supplies from China to Poland. Kyle Mizokami, Popular Mechanics, "The World’s Biggest Plane Joins Fight Against COVID-19," 15 Apr. 2020 In Lebanon, the WHO sent test kits in February and planned to send masks, gloves and other supplies afterward, the memo said. Yeganeh Torbati, ProPublica, "Trump Administration Officials Warned Against Halting Funding to WHO, Leaked Memo Shows," 15 Apr. 2020 Recent Examples on the Web: Verb The board bolstered the quality of personal protective equipment that offices must supply during procedures in which drills, electric brushes, scalers and suction devices can spew patients’ saliva, mucus and blood into the air. Robert T. Garrett, Dallas News, "Coronavirus mask edict tightened for dental offices — at Texas Gov. Greg Abbott’s insistence," 1 May 2020 The chain began supplying masks to its associates on April 20. Brenda Cain, cleveland, "See which grocery stores, big box retailers are requiring customers to wear face coverings," 30 Apr. 2020 Fracking's great contribution is supplying the extra barrels the world consumes at relatively low cost. Shawn Tully, Fortune, "Buccaneers of the basin: The fall of fracking—and the future of oil," 30 Apr. 2020 Businesses are biggest power users APS, which is owned by Pinnacle West Capital Corp., reported that last year 41.4% of the electricity the company supplied went to residential buildings and 45.5% went to businesses. Ryan Randazzo, azcentral, "As temperatures hit century mark, will rising residential energy demand strain Arizona's power grid?," 25 Apr. 2020 Food for Education is supplying dry staples such as rice, beans and maize for the 10,000 children enrolled on the school meals program, and their families. Milly Chan, CNN, "This Kenyan nutritionist is keeping schoolkids fed -- even during lockdown," 24 Apr. 2020 Beyond the Mazda Toyota plant, companies supplying parts for the automobiles to be produced will grow the number of people working on the campus by hundreds. Paul Gattis | Pgattis@al.com, al, "I-565 widening near Huntsville aims for late 2021 completion," 24 Apr. 2020 Runoff from agricultural fields is the main contributor to the phosphorus load in the lake, which supplies drinking water to 11 million people. Andrea Thompson, Scientific American, "How the Environment Has Changed since the First Earth Day 50 Years Ago," 22 Apr. 2020 Prior to the crisis, one in every three South Africans was looking for work, and that number is expected to have increased significantly as businesses fold and supply chains stutter in the face of the government’s lockdown. Sarah Wild, Quartz Africa, "South Africa is deploying its army to enforce the lockdown but also ramping up social spending," 21 Apr. 2020

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'supply.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of supply

Noun

15th century, in the meaning defined at sense 5

Verb

14th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 3

History and Etymology for supply

Verb

Middle English supplien to complete, compensate for, from Middle French soupplier, from Latin supplēre to fill up, complete, raise (a military unit, crew) to its full complement, substitute, from sub- up + plēre to fill — more at sub-, full

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Time Traveler for supply

Time Traveler

The first known use of supply was in the 14th century

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Statistics for supply

Last Updated

21 Apr 2020

Cite this Entry

“Supply.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/supply. Accessed 11 May. 2020.

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More Definitions for supply

supply

noun

English Language Learners Definition of supply

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: the amount of something that is available to be used
: things (such as food, equipment, fuel, etc.) that are needed for a particular purpose and that will be used by a particular person or group
: the process or system by which something is provided to a person, place, etc.

supply

verb
How to pronounce supply (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of supply (Entry 2 of 2)

: to make (something) available to be used : to provide someone or something with (something that is needed or wanted)

supply

verb
sup·​ply | \ sə-ˈplī How to pronounce supply (audio) \
supplied; supplying

Kids Definition of supply

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : to provide for : satisfy There is enough to supply the demand.
2 : to make available : furnish The tree supplies shade.

supply

noun
plural supplies

Kids Definition of supply (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : the amount of something that is needed or can be gotten medical supplies
2 : store entry 2 sense 3 I keep a supply of pencils in my desk.
3 : the act or process of providing something The company is engaged in the supply of raw materials.
sup·​ply | \ sə-ˈplī How to pronounce supply (audio) \
supplied; supplying

Medical Definition of supply

: to furnish (organs, tissues, or cells) with a vital element (as blood or nerve fibers) used of nerves and blood vessels the mandibular foramen transmits blood vessels and nerves supplying the lower teeth

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Comments on supply

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