In the Pipeline
It should go without saying that the industry is everywhere. Everything in the world of mass-production relies on heating, fluid supply, machinery, and transportation, and although all the avenues of taking raw material and making it into a refined and packaged product are widely varied, everything in the process relies on fuels; not only for the internal combustion of the machinery but often for maintaining the ambient temperature for the facility as well.
Where there are fuels, there are inevitable needs to move them in transit from source to destination, and in order to do that, networks of pipes are needed. Fuel transport types can be found both above and below ground between refineries and facilities. Looking at any storage warehouse will always reveal miles and trails of pipework used to carry any number of liquids: water for extinguishing and plumbing; ammonia for industrial freezing; and quite often, liquid natural gas.
Of course, it is never a simple matter of using lengths of straight pipe, elbows, and flanges. Several components are needed for regulation of the fluid in numerous ways, from pressure compensation to maintaining a heat buffer to cleanliness from contamination. Keeping fluids clean is of utmost importance. Contaminated fuels can often carry sediments that will plug up pipes, get lodged in sensitive components, and hinder combustion. For this, connections need to be made with industrial strainers suppliers for industrial strainers (or sieves) that are applied for this very purpose.
Because there are several different piping systems for several different industrial applications, there several different industrial strainers suppliers to meet a variety of needs. Here are some of the most common types of strainers and their applications:
Y-Strainer (Wye Strainer)
Y-strainers are so named because of their design. An inlet branches out into a dual-stem “y” pattern with one stem holding a removable strainer that stands between the source line and the other stem, which will provide downstream access. Y-strainers are commonly used in pressurized gas or liquid lines, but can also be applied in vacuum conditions. The strainer portion can be easily blown out, and it is essential that the strainer stem in the “y” be pointing down in the orientation to keep debris from backing up. Industrial strainers suppliers also provide replacement strainers and components for Y-strainers.
As their namesake suggests, T-strainers are oriented in a “T” fashion, with the perpendicular stem holding the strainer between two sides of a straight stream. Like the Y-strainer, T-strainers are a popular staple of industrial strainers suppliers, but with a few distinctions. Y-strainers tend to be more cost-effective but often come as rigid designs with set specifications. T-strainers can be built to virtually any spec, depending on fluid, pressure, and pipe schedule needs. As well, T-strainers can typically handle higher velocities than Y-strainers.
Basket strainers have a large compartment that juts off of the mainline and holds a large removable strainer. Basket strainers are distinct for having a higher debris storage capacity, requiring less maintenance, and are ideal for high- and constant-flow applications like liquid petroleum and oilfield transfer. Because of their higher storage capacity, basket strainers are less prone to building up backpressure.
A variable also available from many industrial strainers suppliers is the double basket strainer, which works like a single basket strainer, only with a dual-chamber, each of which can be changed independently without having to shut down and depressurize the line, allowing production to continue during maintenance.
Finally, most industrial strainers suppliers will recommend that all freshly-built piping circuits start off affixed with temporary strainers. These are removable strainers with a large mesh installed at the beginning of a fresh pipeline to ensure that debris from installation and construction materials do not enter the pipeline from startup. Depending on need, they are available in basket-shape, cone-shape, and flat plate-shape.
The benefits of a clean pipeline are inestimable, but with the selection available at any number of industrial strainers suppliers, there is little need to gamble. Before you select the right one for your application, make sure you know what fluid you’re working with at what temperature and pressure (or vacuum), and what material and thickness of pipe you’re using.