Metal Expansion Joint
First, metal expansion joints are also referred to as industrial metal expansion joints, metallic expansion joints, exhaust metal expansion joints, metal pipe expansion joints, metal joints, and metal pipeline expansion joints. Furthermore, they are helpful for thermal expansion and movement in pipelines. Additionally, they consist of different parts.
Firstly, the main part of the metallic expansion joint is the metallic bellow. Furthermore, the bellow also is the body of the joint. Additionally, bellows can be made out of different metals. Next is a connector at both ends. This is usually a flange. Then is a tie rod. Moreover, choosing if a tie rod is needed depends on the application. Also, they are chosen according to the three basic types of movement: axial, angular, and lateral. They also use various sectors, like energy productions, paper industry, chemical industry, water treatment, oil, and gas.
Metallic Expansion Joints
In short, a metallic expansion joint by itself accommodates axial, longitudinal, and angular movements in a pipeline, ducts, and vessels. The addition of accessories to a metallic expansion joint increases the complexity but also its capabilities. In addition, the accessories for the expansion joints include liners, weld ends, flanges, collars, hollow reinforcing rings, solid root rings, equalizing rings, control rods, limit rods, and tie rods.
In brief, when you can’t use a rubber or fabric expansion joint, there are several types of metal joints you could use. Furthermore, some of the most common types of expansion joints are round and rectangle expansion joints, single expansion joints, formed metal bellows, laminated bellows expansion joints, expansion compensators, universal expansion joints, externally pressurized expansion joints, and bellows pump connectors.
Single Metal Expansion Joints
In this paragraph, I’m going to tell you about single metallic expansion joints. For instance, they have one bellow. In addition to axial compression and extension, single metallic joints can accommodate lateral and angular movement.
Therefore, they do not restrain the internal pressure thrust. However, the piping designer must provide the system with separate anchoring and guiding to resist the pressure thrust. Furthermore, where small thermal movements are involved, and proper anchoring and guiding are feasible, a single metal expansion joint is the most economical installation.
Universal Pipeline Metal Expansion Joint
For the most part, universal metallic expansion joints consist of two metal bellows separated by a pipe spool. Usually, this configuration helps with large lateral movements.
In addition to axial compression and extension and angular deflection, they have no restraints to resist pressure thrust. Therefore, the piping designer must provide separate anchoring to handle pressure thrust.
Exhaust Metal Expansion Joints
Exhaust metal expansion joints are also known as exhaust expansion joints or corrugated flexible pipes and are around heat. Therefore, metal exhaust expansion joints are usually designed for high temperatures.
Finally, while choosing a metal joint, customers must know the following. Firstly all the size of the joint. Secondly, pressure at which the system operates. Next is the temperature at which the system operates—last of all, the possible direction of deflection.
Industrial Metal Joints
Dannenbaum LLC supplies industrial metal joints and is recognized within the industry. Our company can help with engineering.
Stress Piping Metallic Expansion Joints
We have a line of industrial metal expansion joints. As well as other piping products. For example, we supply rubber expansion joints, fabric expansion joints, industrial strainers, Valves, etc…
What is a Pipeline Metal Joint?
Firstly, metal pipeline expansion joints accommodate movement and absorb vibration during a piping system. Also, in doing so, they protect nearby piping equipment from damage. Secondly, we weld various end fittings onto a versatile bellows component to make a pipeline metal expansion joint. Also, relatively thin-walled tubing is employed to make one or multi-ply corrugated cylinders.
Within the expansion joint industry, these corrugations are called convolutions. This is often the bellows component. Furthermore, selecting the proper alloy, wall thickness, and convolution geometry allow for bellows’ planning.
Which will meet or exceed the pressure and temperature requirements of adjacent piping. The interplay between alloy, wall thickness, and convolution geometry determines what proportion movement an expansion joint can absorb.
What Are Metal Expansion Joints?
Networks of piping and tubing are used for every industrial application. You’ll typically see piping installed in any industrial building, and they are used to transmit airflow, chemicals like ammonia, or oil or water transmission.
Because fluid transmission is vital to the operation of any industry, piping is required to be well-constituted, leak-proof, and long-lasting. That’s where metallic expansion joints come in.
As efficient as piping is, it does suffer from one drawback: rigidity. Unlike hoses, piping cannot compensate for expansion due to temperature or structural shifting, like hoses. However, piping is preferred to hoses in fluid transmission because they don’t sag, are more durable, and don’t fray or burst as easily.
Further, piping susceptible to swelling and shrinking due to differences in ambient and fluid temperature is prone to distortion or leaking at the flanges after enough movement. Expansion joints were designed to solve this problem.
Metal expansion joints were developed to compensate for this restriction. A metallic expansion joint is an articulated joint consisting of connecting flanges at both ends, expandable bellows as the body (made from various materials), and a mechanism to help control the movement articulation.
The mechanism is usually a tie rod, but reinforcing accessories can be added, such as collars, liners, weld ends, limiting and control rods, and equalizing rings, to name a few. Further, The tie rod and other related accessories allow for axial, longitudinal, and angular shifting, limiting the possibility of a pipe break.
How To Install a Metal Expansion Joint
The first thing is before the installation. It is important to do an initial inspection of all the parts. Because there could be manufacturing defects or damage from shipping and handling, secondly, look for cracks in the bellows, dents, distortions, chips, or places where components are warped and will not fit properly.
Also, check that the alignment of the pipe joint can be properly accommodated by the metallic expansion joint. In addition to if the joint is not designed to properly compensate for the pipe layout (by the angle being too sharp, for example), the joint could break.
Once the parts pass the initial inspection, it is time to install the metallic expansion joints. Ensure that the pipe ends attached to the joint flanges have been securely anchored to prevent shifting during installation. Also, make sure that any field pre-positioning conforms to the instructions for installing the joint.
Metal Pipeline Expansion Joints
A thin layer of graphite dispersed in glycerin or water should be applied to the rubber seal between the pipe flange and the joint flange. This is done before installing to allow for easy removal should the need arise.
In addition to the joint should not be installed in an expanded or contracted state because they will not be able to compensate for the movement buffer fully. The industrial metal expansion joint should be continuously supported while bolting the flanges together and should not place any excess weight upon the pipe ends.
Finally, tighten bolts with two wrenches to torque specifications—the bolts on a tire are usually tightened opposite each other. Moreover, the bolts on a metal joint flange should be tightened sequentially until the rubber flange bulges uniformly between the backup ring of the flange and the face of the pipe flange. Once all the bolts have been properly torqued, remove any shipping accessories (i.e., stabilizing bars) that are still attached to the joint.
How To Maintain A Piping Metallic Expansion Joint
The metal expansion joint must be subject to routine inspection and maintenance by a competent design authority to ensure it remains functional and isn’t going to fail. Since metal flanges tend to relax, and because of the constant shifting, it is important to routinely check the bolts’ torque to ensure they have not backed off.
Furthermore, routine quality checks should be conducted for possible cracking or distorting. Depending on environmental conditions, checks for chemical or rust corrosion may also be necessary.
Innovations in Pipe Metallic Joints
Because pipes come in many sizes, materials, and applications, there are varied selections available in designs and materials for just about every application, including metal expansion joints.
To find out what design specifications you need for your project, contact Dannenbaum LLC for a selection and quote.
Metal Pipe Expansion Joints
Pipeline metal expansion joints are often used in piping systems for fire protection, cryogenic, and most high-pressure applications where steam is present. They also come in different models for different applications.
An unrestrained model is a basic expansion joint. A tied expansion joint is used as a control unit to prevent pipe axial movement resulting from surges in a piping system. Also, hinged expansion joints prevent damage to the joint from shearing and pressure surges within the system. Engine exhaust and external pressurized balanced joints are some other examples of metallic pipe expansion joints.
Industrial Metal Expansion Joint Covers
Because the metallic expansion joint is relatively thin, the bellow should be protected outside from damage that could occur. For example, during plant construction, items can be dropped and hit by various objects.
Also, during maintenance, anything can happen. Such as falling tools, standing on the joint, contact with pipes, hangers, and equipment, and weld and burning can hurt a metal expansion joint, making it unsafe or unusable. Dannenbaum LLC offers, as an optional accessory, standard carbon steel removable covers attached to the upstream end connection and sized to permit free flexing of the pipe expansion joint. Welded type covers should be specified.